Mixed color

Author: Yisong Xu, Si Xu

The onboard LED lights show red, yellow, green, azure, blue, pink, and white in order, each for 1 second. This process is repeated again and again.

Hardware requirements:

mBot/mCore Control Panel


Upload the program to Arduino

Example program download:

Mixed color.sb2


Effect demo
mblock arduino code

Example programs 

mblock arduino code


Script description

mblock arduino code Adjust the values (or double click the number area to enter values) and let the onboard LED to mix red, green and blue in a certain ratio. In the example script, the onboard LED lights red, yellow, green, azure, blue, pink and white in order.
The value behind red, green and blue are the brightness of each color. The bigger the value is, the brighter the color is (range from 0 to 255).
mblock arduino code Control the color changing frequency of the LED lights by setting waiting time.
mblock arduino code Repeat the process to make the LED flash.


Knowledge points
Point 1 Principles of color and light mixing
The color of the onboard LED is three original color mode (RGB color model, or RGB color model or red, green and blue color model). It is a color-adding model, which could show diversified color effects by mixing two or three colors of them in different ratio.

mblock programming language It can be known from the left diagram that

Point 2 Color and light of the onboard LED
For the color and light values of the onboard LED, you can refer to RGB color map (as the bigger the value in   is, the brighter the light is, and mixed color is brighter than single color. It is normally to set the value below 40 to prevent dazzling and better identify color and light).
In addition to the color plan in this example program, we can also inquire RGB color table to set the onboard LED color: As the onboard LED can better be identified when the value is below 40, so we can divide the RGB value (the 3rd column in the following table) by 10 and round it to determine the on-board LED value (the 4th column in the following table).

real color
Name R.G.B value Onboard
LED value

Block setting
  Cyan4 0 139 139 0 14 14
  DodgerBlue 30 144 255 3 14 26
  SpringGreen2 0 238 118 0 24 12
  Firebrick 178 34 34 18 3 3
  VioletRed 208 32 144 21 3 14
  Maroon 176 48 96 18 5 10
  DarkGoldenrod4 139 101 8 14 10 1


Point 3 What if you execute two LED blocks of different color?
As the script runs fast, if there is no “waiting” between “red light” and “blue light”, it is the same with lighting red and blue at the same time, and then you will see yellow. The following two scripts are lighting yellow when they are executed.

Script Effects  
(upload the program to Arduino)
 mblock The onboard LED continually display yellow


Extended tasks
Use the RGB color table to modify the proportion of red, green and blue light to make beautiful lighting effects. (It is required to upload the program to Arduino.)


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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